Wednesday, May 29, 2013

Celebrating Women at the Woman's University

As I recently stated, my wife (along with my sister) graduated from Texas Woman's University (founded in 1901 as Girls Industrial College) this spring. While the achievements of TWU were recognized by the speakers--including the amount of degrees awarded by them to women--I was surprised that the staggering rise of female college graduates was not mentioned. As economist Mark J. Perry has noted, data from the Department of Education shows that women have earned 9.7 million more college degrees than men since 1982.

To break it down even further, a longitudinal survey from the Bureau of Labor Statistics sampled 9,000 young men and women between the ages of 23 and 25 on their educational attainment. The chart below (also prepared by Mark Perry) demonstrates the huge disparity between men and women.

This is true across multiple ethnicities:
  • 134 degrees for white females for every 100 degrees for white men
  • 193 degrees for black women for every 100 degrees for black men
  • 154 degrees for Hispanic women for every 100 degrees for Hispanic men
  • 119 degrees for Asian women for every 100 degrees for Asian men
  • 149 degrees for American Indian women for every 100 degrees for American Indian men 
The class of 2013 will earn 140 degrees for women for every 100 degrees for men. The gender gap in college education is expected to rise, reaching 148 degrees for women for every 100 degrees for men (as seen in Perry's chart below).

Perry breaks the fields down as follows:

Men still dominate the fields of business, engineering, math and computer science, and physical science, while women have taken over virtually everything else.

So, congratulations to not only my wife and sister, but to women nationwide.

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